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USDA : Crop Progress

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - April 26, 2016


Crop Progress

ISSN: 1948-3007

Released April 25, 2016, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Corn Planted - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 93% of the 2015 corn acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Colorado ........:     7           -           7           9     
Illinois ........:    26          12          42          25     
Indiana .........:     2           1          11          13     
Iowa ............:    12          13          40           9     
Kansas ..........:    29          35          43          27     
Kentucky ........:     6          23          50          28     
Michigan ........:     3           -           3           4     
Minnesota .......:    31          13          45          11     
Missouri ........:    17          58          81          31     
Nebraska ........:    13           7          16          11     
North Carolina ..:    54          46          73          66     
North Dakota ....:     6           1           6           4     
Ohio ............:     2           -           8           9     
Pennsylvania ....:     2           4          14           6     
South Dakota ....:    13           1           6           7     
Tennessee .......:    14          35          65          43     
Texas ...........:    55          49          52          63     
Wisconsin .......:     4           1          10           3     
                 :                                               
18 States .......:    16          13          30          16     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                              

Corn Emerged - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 93% of the 2015 corn acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Colorado ........:     -         (NA)          -           -     
Illinois ........:     1         (NA)          4           6     
Indiana .........:     -         (NA)          -           3     
Iowa ............:     -         (NA)          -           -     
Kansas ..........:    12         (NA)         22           8     
Kentucky ........:     1         (NA)          8          12     
Michigan ........:     -            -          -           -     
Minnesota .......:     -         (NA)          1           -     
Missouri ........:     2         (NA)         24          10     
Nebraska ........:     -         (NA)          1           1     
North Carolina ..:    20           12         34          32     
North Dakota ....:     -         (NA)          -           -     
Ohio ............:     -         (NA)          -           1     
Pennsylvania ....:     -         (NA)          -           -     
South Dakota ....:     -         (NA)          -           -     
Tennessee .......:     2         (NA)         15          20     
Texas ...........:    46           40         43          53     
Wisconsin .......:     -         (NA)          -           -     
                 :                                               
18 States .......:     2         (NA)          5           4     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                            
(NA) Not available.                                              

Soybeans Planted - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 95% of the 2015 soybean acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Arkansas ........:    15           12         17          16     
Illinois ........:     -         (NA)          2           2     
Indiana .........:     -         (NA)          2           3     
Iowa ............:     -         (NA)          3           -     
Kansas ..........:     2         (NA)          -           1     
Kentucky ........:     -         (NA)          3           2     
Louisiana .......:    22           13         19          34     
Michigan ........:     -         (NA)          -           1     
Minnesota .......:     1         (NA)          2           -     
Mississippi .....:    37           19         25          27     
Missouri ........:     -         (NA)          5           1     
Nebraska ........:     -         (NA)          -           1     
North Carolina ..:     1            -          1           2     
North Dakota ....:     1         (NA)          -           -     
Ohio ............:     -         (NA)          -           2     
South Dakota ....:     -            -          -           -     
Tennessee .......:     1         (NA)          2           1     
Wisconsin .......:     -         (NA)          1           -     
                 :                                               
18 States .......:     2         (NA)          3           2     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                            
(NA) Not available.                                              

Cotton Planted - Selected States
[These 15 States planted 99% of the 2015 cotton acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Alabama .........:     4           -          14           9     
Arizona .........:    64          45          55          58     
Arkansas ........:     4           -           3           8     
California ......:    44          40          80          61     
Georgia .........:     2           -           2           7     
Kansas ..........:     1           -           -           1     
Louisiana .......:     4           -           3          15     
Mississippi .....:     5           3           6           7     
Missouri ........:     -           2          14           3     
North Carolina ..:     -           -           1           5     
Oklahoma ........:     2           1           2           1     
South Carolina ..:     3           2           8           7     
Tennessee .......:     2           -           1           1     
Texas ...........:     8          10          11          15     
Virginia ........:     -           -           5           3     
                 :                                               
15 States .......:     9           7          10          13     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                              

Sorghum Planted - Selected States
[These 11 States planted 98% of the 2015 sorghum acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Arkansas ........:    38          19          30          47     
Colorado ........:     -           -           -           -     
Illinois ........:     -           -           1           3     
Kansas ..........:     -           -           -           -     
Louisiana .......:    63          53          64          77     
Missouri ........:     1           1          14           3     
Nebraska ........:     1           -           1           1     
New Mexico ......:     4           2           5           3     
Oklahoma ........:    19           6          10           7     
South Dakota ....:     -           -           -           -     
Texas ...........:    54          42          50          59     
                 :                                               
11 States .......:    23          16          20          24     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                              

Sugarbeets Planted - Selected States
[These 4 States planted 84% of the 2015 sugarbeet acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Idaho ...........:    82          55          65          76     
Michigan ........:    38           1          37          32     
Minnesota .......:    79          54          73          28     
North Dakota ....:    74          25          52          26     
                 :                                               
4 States ........:    72          40          61          36     
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Peanuts Planted - Selected States
[These 8 States planted 97% of the 2015 peanut acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Alabama .........:     7            -          3           4     
Florida .........:     5            6         12           6     
Georgia .........:     5            -          4           4     
North Carolina ..:     -            -          -           3     
Oklahoma ........:     3         (NA)          -           3     
South Carolina ..:     1            -          -           3     
Texas ...........:     1         (NA)          2           1     
Virginia ........:     -         (NA)          -           1     
                 :                                               
8 States ........:     4         (NA)          4           4     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                            
(NA) Not available.                                              

Rice Planted - Selected States
[These 6 States planted 100% of the 2015 rice acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Arkansas ........:    34          55          75          47     
California ......:     6           1           3           5     
Louisiana .......:    83          75          79          86     
Mississippi .....:    46          39          53          44     
Missouri ........:     3          50          86          33     
Texas ...........:    63          75          76          80     
                 :                                               
6 States ........:    37          48          62          45     
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Rice Emerged - Selected States
[These 6 States planted 100% of the 2015 rice acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Arkansas ........:    17          11          40          26     
California ......:     1           -           -           1     
Louisiana .......:    68          56          66          70     
Mississippi .....:    27          14          30          28     
Missouri ........:     1           3          35          15     
Texas ...........:    52          59          68          66     
                 :                                               
6 States ........:    23          19          38          29     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                              

Oats Planted - Selected States
[These 9 States planted 68% of the 2015 oat acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Iowa ............:     82          78          92          68    
Minnesota .......:     65          46          68          32    
Nebraska ........:     92          71          85          80    
North Dakota ....:     25          15          28          14    
Ohio ............:     21          21          59          40    
Pennsylvania ....:     30          53          81          41    
South Dakota ....:     78          55          74          51    
Texas ...........:    100         100         100         100    
Wisconsin .......:     40          16          37          26    
                 :                                               
9 States ........:     68          56          71          57    
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Oats Emerged - Selected States
[These 9 States planted 68% of the 2015 oat acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Iowa ............:     35          15          40          29    
Minnesota .......:     18           2          27          12    
Nebraska ........:     63          23          54          41    
North Dakota ....:      2           -           1           2    
Ohio ............:      2           6          17          15    
Pennsylvania ....:     10          19          29          17    
South Dakota ....:     27          14          28          20    
Texas ...........:    100         100         100         100    
Wisconsin .......:      5           1           4           6    
                 :                                               
9 States ........:     40          30          41          40    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                              

Winter Wheat Headed - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 90% of the 2015 winter wheat acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Arkansas ........:    38          29          58          50     
California ......:    77          70          85          82     
Colorado ........:     1           -           -           -     
Idaho ...........:     2           1           3           -     
Illinois ........:     2           1           2          13     
Indiana .........:     2           -           3           5     
Kansas ..........:    14           3          23          15     
Michigan ........:     -           -           -           -     
Missouri ........:     1           -          23          17     
Montana .........:     -           -           -           -     
Nebraska ........:     -           -           -           -     
North Carolina ..:    26          22          40          43     
Ohio ............:     -           -           -           -     
Oklahoma ........:    63          25          57          52     
Oregon ..........:     2           -           -           1     
South Dakota ....:     -           -           -           -     
Texas ...........:    57          35          50          52     
Washington ......:     -           1           5           -     
                 :                                               
18 States .......:    25          12          26          24     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                              

Winter Wheat Condition - Selected States: Week Ending April 24, 2016
[National crop conditions for selected States are weighted based on 2015
planted acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                          
                :                                                           
Arkansas .......:     3           5          33          46          13     
California .....:     -           -          15          35          50     
Colorado .......:     3          11          25          50          11     
Idaho ..........:     -           1          11          69          19     
Illinois .......:     1           4          27          52          16     
Indiana ........:     1           3          18          60          18     
Kansas .........:     2           9          36          48           5     
Michigan .......:     1           7          22          53          17     
Missouri .......:     1           4          29          55          11     
Montana ........:     1           4          35          53           7     
Nebraska .......:     -           4          36          50          10     
North Carolina .:     5          15          34          39           7     
Ohio ...........:     -           1          20          53          26     
Oklahoma .......:     -           5          36          50           9     
Oregon .........:     -           -          34          57           9     
South Dakota ...:     -           1          28          65           6     
Texas ..........:     2           9          41          39           9     
Washington .....:     1           2          14          72          11     
                :                                                           
18 States ......:     1           7          33          50           9     
                :                                                           
Previous week ..:     2           7          34          48           9     
Previous year ..:     6          14          38          35           7     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                         

Spring Wheat Planted - Selected States
[These 6 States planted 99% of the 2015 spring wheat acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Idaho ...........:    75          46          65          70     
Minnesota .......:    76          23          46          33     
Montana .........:    40          34          53          24     
North Dakota ....:    36          14          26          18     
South Dakota ....:    82          61          72          45     
Washington ......:    89          63          72          67     
                 :                                               
6 States ........:    50          27          42          28     
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Spring Wheat Emerged - Selected States
[These 6 States planted 99% of the 2015 spring wheat acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Idaho ...........:    36         (NA)         14          29     
Minnesota .......:    15         (NA)          9           8     
Montana .........:     3            -          2           2     
North Dakota ....:     2         (NA)          5           4     
South Dakota ....:     7           14         24          16     
Washington ......:    42           35         41          31     
                 :                                               
6 States ........:     8         (NA)          8           7     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                            
(NA) Not available.                                              

Barley Planted - Selected States
[These 5 States planted 82% of the 2015 barley acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Idaho ...........:    80          54          71          66     
Minnesota .......:    54          14          32          23     
Montana .........:    55          41          52          35     
North Dakota ....:    25          10          19          13     
Washington ......:    74          38          51          49     
                 :                                               
5 States ........:    52          33          45          36     
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Barley Emerged - Selected States
[These 5 States planted 82% of the 2015 barley acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :           
                 :-----------------------------------:           
      State      : April 24, : April 17, : April 24, : 2011-2015 
                 :   2015    :   2016    :   2016    :  Average  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                    
                 :                                               
Idaho ...........:    41            9         36          28     
Minnesota .......:     7         (NA)          7           5     
Montana .........:     9            5         11           4     
North Dakota ....:     1         (NA)          4           1     
Washington ......:    28           23         24          16     
                 :                                               
5 States ........:    15         (NA)         15           9     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                              

Days Suitable for Fieldwork - Selected States
[Days suitable for Fieldwork are weighted based on
cropland acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :               Week ending               
                 :-----------------------------------------
      State      :  April 24,  :  April 17,  :  April 24,  
                 :    2015     :    2016     :    2016     
-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :                  Days                   
                 :                                         
Alabama .........:     3.0           2.4           5.5     
Arizona .........:     7.0           7.0           7.0     
Arkansas ........:     2.4           4.5           3.8     
California ......:     6.5           6.8           6.6     
Colorado ........:     4.6           5.2           4.7     
Connecticut .....:     3.0           5.7           5.9     
Delaware ........:     5.0           5.5           6.0     
Florida .........:     6.0           6.3           6.5     
Georgia .........:     3.7           4.5           5.9     
Idaho ...........:     6.5           4.8           5.9     
Illinois ........:     3.7           4.5           4.4     
Indiana .........:     2.0           2.9           4.0     
Iowa ............:     2.7           6.2           3.6     
Kansas ..........:     4.2           5.6           2.4     
Kentucky ........:     2.0           5.6           5.6     
Louisiana .......:     3.2           2.4           2.4     
Maine ...........:     1.0           2.0           3.0     
Maryland ........:     5.0           6.5           6.0     
Massachusetts ...:     4.5           6.3           6.8     
Michigan ........:     3.1           2.9           4.3     
Minnesota .......:     4.0           5.1           3.8     
Mississippi .....:     2.3           1.6           2.6     
Missouri ........:     3.2           5.9           4.0     
Montana .........:     5.8           4.5           4.2     
Nebraska ........:     4.5           5.7           2.6     
Nevada ..........:     4.0           6.5           5.8     
New Hampshire ...:     4.0           5.7           6.9     
New Jersey ......:     5.0           6.0           6.5     
New Mexico ......:     6.6           6.5           6.3     
New York ........:     2.0           3.5           5.5     
North Carolina ..:     4.1           6.1           5.6     
North Dakota ....:     5.8           4.2           3.4     
Ohio ............:     1.8           1.9           3.9     
Oklahoma ........:     4.0           5.1           3.1     
Oregon ..........:     5.6           5.1           4.9     
Pennsylvania ....:     3.0           5.5           6.0     
Rhode Island ....:     4.5           5.0           6.0     
South Carolina ..:     4.9           6.1           5.9     
South Dakota ....:     6.0           5.0           3.2     
Tennessee .......:     2.8           4.8           5.0     
Texas ...........:     4.4           5.3           3.8     
Utah ............:     5.5           4.8           5.4     
Vermont .........:     2.5           3.4           5.7     
Virginia ........:     4.5           6.4           6.3     
Washington ......:     6.4           6.0           6.5     
West Virginia ...:     4.2           6.3           5.3     
Wisconsin .......:     4.1           3.9           4.9     
Wyoming .........:     4.6           4.2           4.6     
-----------------------------------------------------------

Topsoil Moisture Condition - Selected States: Week Ending
April 24, 2016
[National topsoil moisture conditions for selected States are
weighted based on cropland acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :Very short :   Short   : Adequate  :  Surplus  
----------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    percent                    
                :                                               
Alabama ........:     2           8           76         14     
Arizona ........:     3          26           65          6     
Arkansas .......:     -           8           71         21     
California .....:    30          25           35         10     
Colorado .......:     3          12           75         10     
Connecticut ....:     -          44           56          -     
Delaware .......:     -           8           59         33     
Florida ........:     5          17           72          6     
Georgia ........:     2          15           60         23     
Idaho ..........:     -          11           75         14     
Illinois .......:     -           8           75         17     
Indiana ........:     -           3           76         21     
Iowa ...........:     -           5           89          6     
Kansas .........:     5          13           74          8     
Kentucky .......:     2          17           70         11     
Louisiana ......:     -           2           35         63     
Maine ..........:     3          20           66         11     
Maryland .......:     4          22           56         18     
Massachusetts ..:     2          21           77          -     
Michigan .......:     1           5           61         33     
Minnesota ......:     1          11           74         14     
Mississippi ....:     -           4           49         47     
Missouri .......:     6          19           68          7     
Montana ........:     8          20           67          5     
Nebraska .......:     1           8           79         12     
Nevada .........:     5          10           80          5     
New Hampshire ..:     2          31           62          5     
New Jersey .....:    11          24           49         16     
New Mexico .....:    10          59           30          1     
New York .......:     1          10           65         24     
North Carolina .:     3          18           72          7     
North Dakota ...:     2          10           78         10     
Ohio ...........:     -           2           74         24     
Oklahoma .......:     6          24           61          9     
Oregon .........:     4          19           63         14     
Pennsylvania ...:     7          32           55          6     
Rhode Island ...:     -           -          100          -     
South Carolina .:     1          24           69          6     
South Dakota ...:     1          11           83          5     
Tennessee ......:     1          12           72         15     
Texas ..........:     7          27           47         19     
Utah ...........:     1          17           74          8     
Vermont ........:     6          25           52         17     
Virginia .......:    13          36           49          2     
Washington .....:     2          13           79          6     
West Virginia ..:    11          40           48          1     
Wisconsin ......:     1           7           71         21     
Wyoming ........:     2          13           65         20     
                :                                               
48 States ......:     4          13           70         13     
                :                                               
Previous week ..:     5          17           65         13     
Previous year ..:     6          18           60         16     
----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                             

Subsoil Moisture Condition - Selected States: Week Ending
April 24, 2016
[National subsoil moisture conditions for selected States are
weighted based on cropland acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :Very short :   Short   : Adequate  :  Surplus  
----------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    percent                    
                :                                               
Alabama ........:     -           1           81         18     
Arizona ........:    15          10           71          4     
Arkansas .......:     -           8           72         20     
California .....:    20          40           30         10     
Colorado .......:     6          21           69          4     
Connecticut ....:     -          36           58          6     
Delaware .......:     1           7           63         29     
Florida ........:     4          15           75          6     
Georgia ........:     1          10           74         15     
Idaho ..........:     1           7           83          9     
Illinois .......:     -           6           81         13     
Indiana ........:     1           3           80         16     
Iowa ...........:     -           3           90          7     
Kansas .........:     6          21           71          2     
Kentucky .......:     2          15           76          7     
Louisiana ......:     -           2           44         54     
Maine ..........:     -          16           60         24     
Maryland .......:     4          18           65         13     
Massachusetts ..:     -          25           75          -     
Michigan .......:     -           3           69         28     
Minnesota ......:     1          11           79          9     
Mississippi ....:     -           3           50         47     
Missouri .......:     6          18           74          2     
Montana ........:     8          32           58          2     
Nebraska .......:     1          11           83          5     
Nevada .........:    10          20           65          5     
New Hampshire ..:     1          26           68          5     
New Jersey .....:     3          25           51         21     
New Mexico .....:     9          34           57          -     
New York .......:     1          10           67         22     
North Carolina .:     1          13           77          9     
North Dakota ...:     1          17           77          5     
Ohio ...........:     -           2           77         21     
Oklahoma .......:     4          19           72          5     
Oregon .........:     4          14           73          9     
Pennsylvania ...:     3          25           67          5     
Rhode Island ...:     -           -          100          -     
South Carolina .:     1          10           82          7     
South Dakota ...:     2          14           81          3     
Tennessee ......:     -          10           81          9     
Texas ..........:     4          20           60         16     
Utah ...........:     4          17           77          2     
Vermont ........:     6          23           71          -     
Virginia .......:     6          26           67          1     
Washington .....:     1          10           87          2     
West Virginia ..:     7          38           55          -     
Wisconsin ......:     -           4           78         18     
Wyoming ........:     5          19           69          7     
                :                                               
48 States ......:     3          14           73         10     
                :                                               
Previous week ..:     4          15           71         10     
Previous year ..:     7          21           60         12     
----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                             

Crop Progress and Condition Tables Expected Next Week

Barley: Planted, Emerged
Corn: Planted, Emerged
Cotton: Planted
Oats: Planted, Emerged
Pasture & Range: Condition
Peanuts: Planted
Rice: Planted, Emerged
Sorghum: Planted
Soybeans: Planted
Spring Wheat: Planted, Emerged
Sugarbeets: Planted
Winter Wheat: Headed, Condition

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey 
data collected each week from early April through the end of November. The 
non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from 
approximately 4,000 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities 
to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers 
in their counties. Based on standard definitions, these respondents 
subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of 
development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also 
provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions.

Most respondents complete their questionnaires on Friday or early Monday 
morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS) Field Offices in their States by mail, telephone, fax, e-mail, or 
through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed 
on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are 
completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on 
Sunday. For reports submitted prior to the Sunday reference date, a degree of 
uncertainty is introduced by projections for weekend changes in progress and 
condition. By the end of the 2015 season, over 90 percent of the data were 
being submitted through the internet website. As a result, the majority of 
all data are submitted on Monday morning, significantly reducing projection 
uncertainty.

Respondents are sent written reporting instructions at the beginning of each 
season and are contacted periodically to ensure proper reporting. Terms and 
definitions of crop stages and condition categories used as reporting 
guidelines are available on the NASS website at 
www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/National_Crop_Progress.

Estimating Procedures: Reported data are reviewed for reasonableness and 
consistency by comparing with data reported the previous week and data 
reported in surrounding counties for the current week. Field Offices 
summarize the reported data to district and State levels, weighting each 
county's reported data by NASS county acreage estimates. Summarized 
indications are compared with previous week estimates, and progress items are 
compared with earlier stages of development and historical averages to ensure 
reasonableness. Weather events and respondent comments are also taken into 
consideration. State estimates are submitted to the Agricultural Statistics 
Board (ASB) along with supporting comments, where they are compared with 
surrounding States and compiled into a National level summary by weighting 
each State by its acreage estimates.
 
Revision Policy: Progress and condition estimates in the Crop Progress report 
are released after 4:00 pm ET on the first business day of the week. These 
estimates are subject to revision the following week.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch......................... (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section............. (202) 720-2127
     Angie Considine - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum.. (202) 720-5944
     Tony Dahlman - Oats, Soybeans....................... (202) 690-3234
     Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet....... (202) 720-9526
     James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay.............. (202) 690-8533
     Scott Matthews - Crop Weather, Barley............... (202) 720-7621
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat............................ (202) 720-8068
     Bianca Pruneda - Peanuts, Rice...................... (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds.......... (202) 720-7369

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: http://www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
http://www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper 
right corner above "search" box to create an account and select the 
reports you would like to receive.

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@nass.usda.gov. 
  
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/complaint_filing_cust.html, or at any USDA 
office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may also write a 
letter containing all of the information requested in the form. Send your 
completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department of 
Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov. 

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